A condition that compresses or irritates a cervical nerve can cause Cervical Radiculopathy, commonly known as a "pinched nerve". Cervical Radiculopathy is usually from a herniated disc or bone spur that is pushing up against a nerve root. The most common causes of Cervical Radiculopathy include:
Cervical Herniated Disc
A herniated disc occurs when the outer ring of the disc tears which allows the central material of the disc (the nucleus) to then leak out - commonly known as a "Leaky Disc".
Cervical Spinal Stenosis
Cervical Stenosis occurs when the spinal canal in the neck narrows due to degenerative changes or trauma. If the reduction of the space becomes too much, this will cause a neurologic deficit called myelopathy, due to spinal cord compression.
Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease
Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease occurs when one or more discs start to break down from wear and tear, causing neck pain and radiating arm pain.
Cervical Spondylosis, also known as arthritis of the neck, is a common degenerative condition that affects the joints and discs of the cervical spine. This condition is caused by the normal wear and tear of the cartilage and bones as we age.
While aging is the most common cause of Cervical Spondylosis, other factors increase the risk of this as well. These factors include:
Holding your neck in a position for a prolonged period of time or repetitive stress on your neck
Work-related activities which put extra strain on your neck
Overweight and inactive
This condition is an abnormal curvature of the spine. It most often develops in early childhood, just before a child reaches puberty.
This condition occurs when a lumbar vertebra slips out of place. It slides forward, distorting the shape of your spine. This may compress the nerves in the spinal canal. The nerves that exit the foramen (open spaces on the sides of your vertebrae) may also be compressed. These compressed nerves can cause pain and other problems.
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