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Thoracic Spine

(Upper back / Abdomen)


Herniated Disc

 A herniated disc occurs when the outer ring of the disc tears which allows the central material of the disc (the nucleus) to then leak out - commonly known as a "Leaky Disc".

Thoracic Spondylosis

Thoracic Spondylosis, is a common degenerative condition that affects the joints and discs of the Thoracic spine. This condition is caused by the normal wear and tear of the cartilage and bones as we age.


While aging is the most common cause of Thoracic Spondylosis, other factors increase the risk of this as well. These factors include:


  • Injury

  • Work-related activities which put extra strain on your back

  • Genetic factors

  • Smoking

  • Overweight and inactive




Scoliosis is a medical condition where the spine develops a sideways curvature - either in a "c" or an "s" shape. This medical condition often takes place during a growth spurt or before puberty.



Spinal Stenosis

Stenosis occurs when the spinal canal in the neck narrows due to degenerative changes or trauma. If the reduction of the space becomes too much, this will cause a neurologic deficit called myelopathy, due to spinal cord compression.

Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative Disc Disease occurs when one or more discs start to break down from wear and tear, causing neck pain and radiating arm pain.

Click the link below for treatment options for back pain.

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